Sell a classic car Mini Cooper S. Mini is an English automotive label specialized in small cars.
It was founded in 1969.
Today it has become a subsidiary of BMW since 1994.
The original Mini was a line of iconic British small cars manufactured by the British Motor Corporation, and its successors, from 1959 until 2000.
Their models included:
- The Morris Mini-Minor
- The Austin Seven
- The Countryman
Performance versions of these models used the name, Cooper.
These were due to a partnership with racing legend John Cooper.
The original two-door Mini continued in production until 2000
Development of a successor began in 1995 and the new generation car was launched in 2001.
The current Mini range includes:
- The Hardtop/Hatch/Convertible (three-door hatchback)
- Clubman (estate)
- Countryman (five-door crossover)
- Paceman (three-door crossover based on the Countryman)
The Mini was originally a product of the British Motor Corporation, which in 1966 became part of British Motor Holdings.
British Motor Holdings merged with Leyland Motors in 1968. It became British Leyland.
Mini became a marque in its own right in 1969.
In the 1980s, British Leyland was broken-up.
In 1988 Rover Group, including Mini, was acquired by British Aerospace.
In 1994, Rover Group was acquired by BMW.
In 2000, Rover Group was broken up by BMW, with BMW retaining the Mini brand.
Jochen Goller of BMW currently serves as the managing director of the Mini marque.
The Mini Hatch/Hardtop, Clubman, Convertible, Coupe and Roadster are assembled at BMW’s Plant Oxford in Cowley, England
The Countryman and Paceman are assembled by Magna Steyr in Austria.
A total of 301,526 Mini vehicles were sold worldwide in 2012
1959 Morris Mini-Minor
The original two-door Mini was a small car produced by the British Motor Corporation (BMC) and its successors from 1959 until 2000.
It is considered an icon of the 1960s.
Its space-saving front-wheel-drive layout was revolutionary and influenced a generation of car-makers.
The vehicle is in some ways considered the British equivalent to its German contemporary, the Volkswagen Beetle.
In 1999 the Mini was voted the second most influential car of the 20th Century, behind the Ford Model T.
It was designed for BMC by Sir Alec Issigonis.
It was manufactured at:
- The Longbridge and Cowley plants in England
- The Victoria Park / Zetland British Motor Corporation (Australia) factory in Sydney
- Spain (Authi)
- Italy (Innocenti)
- South Africa
Mini Mark 1
The Mini Mark I had three major UK updates:
- The Mark II
- The Clubman
- The Mark III
Within these was a series of variations including:
- An estate car
- A pickup truck
- A van
- The Mini Moke—a jeep-like buggy
The Mini Cooper and Cooper “S” were sportier versions that were successful as rally cars.
Initially, Minis were marketed under the Austin and Morris names, as the Austin Seven and Morris Mini-Minor, until Mini became a marque in its own right in 1969.
The Mini was again marketed under the Austin name in the 1980s.
1990 to 2000
Mini Cooper S, 2000
In the 1990s, BMW was seeking to broaden its model range through the addition of:
- Compact cars
This sparked a series of compact car concept vehicles from the company.
The first was the:
Both powered by an electric motor and a rear-mounted 1100 cc BMW motorcycle engine, respectively.
In early 1994, BMW acquired the Rover Group which owned Mini.
BMW insisted that even a compact model must feature iconic BMW characteristics (such as rear wheel drive).
The “MINI” brand, however, did not share these standards and BMW saw this as an opportunity to create a competitively priced, yet premium, compact car.
This formed BMW’s plan to launch the premium BMW 1 Series and the mid-range Mini.
In 1998, BMW set out on creating the production Mini.
The first aspect that was considered was the design, chosen from 15 full-sized design studies.
- Five of these designs came from:
- BMW Germany
- Five from BMW Designworks in California
- Four from Rover
- One from an outside studio in Italy.
The chosen design was from BMW Designworks and was designed by American designer, Frank Stephenson.
Stephenson penned the:
- New Mini One R50
- Mini Cooper
Leading the team which developed the E50 car in Munich (parallel development in England by the team at Rover having been dropped in 1995).
This design is a city car, also fitted into BMW’s plan of two compact cars, leaving the supermini class for the BMW 1 Series.
2000 to present
The last Mark VII Mini, and the 5,387,862nd and final original two-door Mini to be produced, a red Cooper Sport, was built at the Longbridge plant in October 2000.
The new generation Mini Hatch/Hardtop went on sale in July 2001 and was an immediate sales success.
In February 2005, BMW announced an investment of £100 million in the Mini plant in Oxford
This created 200 new jobs and production output increased by 20%.
In January 2011, BMW announced that it would be extending the Mini range with the launch of two new two-door sports crossover vehicles based on the Mini Paceman concept car:
- A coupe version planned to enter production in 2011
- Roadster to follow in 2012.
In June 2011, BMW announced an investment of £500 million in the UK over the subsequent three years as part of an expansion of the Mini range to seven models
Mark 1 Minis
Launched in August 1959, the Mark 1 Mini (code name ADO 15) was initially marketed as the Austin Seven and Morris Mini-Minor.
Mark I Minis can be identified by:
- Exterior door hinges
- Sliding door glass
- Tail lights smaller than later cars
- “mustache” grille
The A-series engine came in a wide range of capacities:
- An 848 cc
- 1275 cc engines
The non-Cooper cars had gearboxes with the:
- “magic wand” selector
- 4-speeds (no synchromesh on 1st)
The Coopers has a remote shift selector.
An automatic, 4-speed transmission was introduced in 1965.
In 1960 a:
- 2-seater van was launched
- An estate
Both sharing a longer wheelbase.
In 1961 the pickup was introduced, also based on the longer wheelbase.
The Mini received some minor modifications in 1967 as sold as the Austin or Morris Mini in most markets.
Mark III Mini
The Mark III Mini was launched in 1969.
It was an updated version of Mark II with a modified bodyshell.
The most visible changes were:
- Larger doors with concealed hinges
- The boot lid lost the original hinged number plate and its recess shape and a large rear color-coded lamp was fitted in its place
- Larger rear side windows
- Sliding windows were replaced with winding windows
- The suspension reverted from Hydrolastic to rubber cones.
The Mark IV, launched in 1976, introduced:
- A front rubber mounted subframe
- Single tower bolts and larger bushes in the rear frame
- Twin stalk indicators were introduced with larger foot pedals
From 1977 onwards the rear indicator lamps had the reverse lights incorporated in them.
The Mark V
The Mark V, launched in 1984, introduced:
- 8.4-inch (210 mm) brake discs and plastic wheel arches (mini special arches)
- Retained the same Mark IV body shell shape.
The Mark VI
The Mark VI, launched in 1990 had:
- The engine mounting points moved forward to take 1,275 cc power units
- A HIF carburetor version, plus the single point fuel injected car which came out in 1991.
The 998 cc power units were discontinued.
Internal bonnet release was fitted from 1992.
The Mark VII
The Mark VII, launched in 1996, was the final version of the original two-door Mini.
For this model:
- Twin point injection with front-mounted radiator was introduced
- Full-width dashboard
- Driver’s side airbag.
All Mini models since 2001 have different variants, including:
- One (entry-level)
- Cooper S (sporty)
- John Cooper Works (JCW) (high-end)
The hatchback/hardtop Mini was the first model of the new generation Mini, introduced in 2001, and was back then known as simply Mini.
It was available in:
- Cooper S
- One variation.
In many European markets, the Mini One was powered by:
- A 1.4-liter version of the Tritec engine
All other petrol powered Minis used the 1.6 liter I4 version.
The names Cooper and Cooper S followed the names used for the sportier version of the classic Mini, which in turn come from the involvement of John Cooper and the Cooper Car Company.
The Cooper heritage was further emphasized with the John Cooper Works (JCW) range of tuning options that are available with the Mini.
The Mk I Mini One, Cooper and Cooper S used some version of the reliable, Brazilian-built Tritec engine, co-developed by Chrysler & BMW; the Mini One D used a Toyota-built 1ND-TV diesel engine.
In August 2006, BMW announced that future engines would be built in the UK, final assembly took place at Oxford.
The body pressings were made in nearby Swindon at BMW’s Swindon Pressings Ltd subsidiary.
The last Mk I variant was the:
- Mini Cooper S with John Cooper Works GP Kit
This was a light-weight, quasi-race-prepped John Cooper Works model.
Hand-finished by Bertone in Italy, it was offered as a limited-production run of 2,000 cars during the 2006 model year.
444 of those originally intended for the UK market (although ultimately, 459 were sold).
At the 2004 Salon International de l’Auto, Mini introduced a convertible model which was released in the 2005 model year and available in:
- Cooper S trim versions.
- The convertible roof is fully automatic
- The convertible model replaces the rear hatchback of the Hardtop with a drop down ‘tailgate’
- It incorporates similarly prominent external hinges,
- The rear roof section and luggage shelf can be raised with two handles, semi-tailgate style, to access the luggage space easier
- There is also adds two small power windows for the rear seat passengers which are lowered automatically when the roof opens
- The roof is made from a heavy cloth, with many layers of insulation
- The rear window is glass with an integral heater/defroster, but no washer or wiper.
In 2007 Mini introduced the limited edition Mini Cooper S Sidewalk Convertible.
- A top speed of 215 km/h (134 mph)
- Accelerates from 0 to 100 kilometers per hour (0 to 62 mph) in 7.9 seconds.
The engine provides 168 hp (125 kW) and 220 N·m (160 lbf·ft) of torque.
A 2009 Mini Cooper Hatch.
Mini introduced an all-new second generation of the Hardtop/Hatch model in November 2006, on a re-engineered platform incorporating many stylistic and engineering changes.
It utilizes the:
- Prince engine, the architecture of which is shared with PSA Peugeot Citroën and is designed to be more cost-effective and fuel-efficient
It is manufactured in Warwickshire, United Kingdom.
The development and engineering were done in Munich, Germany at BMW Group headquarters.
Although the new model looks very similar to its predecessor, every panel was different and new safety requirements resulted in the overall length increasing by 60 mm (2.4 in)
The Second Generation
The second generation Mini was introduced in the Cooper and Cooper S trim levels; the range was added to in 2007 with the Mini One.
For the first time, there was a:
- Diesel-powered Cooper, available from April 2007, and badged as the Cooper D,
- It was supplemented in January 2011 with a new 2.0 L diesel for the automatic Cooper and high-performance Cooper SD.
The Convertible and Clubman versions followed later.
In 2009, the Mini First trim level was launched in the UK
It is a low-end, petrol-only version, with less power and a lower speed.
The Mini John Cooper Works Challenge is a purpose-built race car, based on the Mini Hatch
It was unveiled at the IAA Motor Show.
In 2009 a John Cooper Works World Championship 50 special edition was unveiled in 2009 Mini United Festival in Silverstone.
A Mini Cooper S Clubman
The Mini Clubman is an estate Mini, introduced for the 2008 model year and available in:
- Cooper S
- Cooper D variations
While identical to the Hatch/Hardtop from the B-pillars forward, the Clubman is:
- 240 mm (9.4 in) longer overall
- Has a stretched wheelbase that is 80 mm (3.1 in) longer;
- More rear-seat leg room and substantially increased cargo space than the Hardtop
- It has twin “barn doors,” alternately referred to as “the Splitdoor,” enclosing the boot instead of a pull-up hatch
- It features a “Clubdoor” on the right-hand side regardless of the intended market
- The rear door is on the road side of the car, requiring rear passengers to exit into the road
- Engine and transmission selections are identical to those used in the Hatch/Hardtop model, except the 66 kW (90 PS; 89 hp) One Diesel
- The rear suspension set-up shares many of the same designs features including the rear trailing arms and the anti-roll bars.
The use of the name “Clubman” for the Mini estate van was a break with classic Mini tradition.
“Clubman” was originally the name given to the 1970s face-lift of the classic Mini
The classic Mini estates had traditionally been named “Traveller” or “Countryman”.
Mini Convertible (2009 to 2015)
The second generation Mini Convertible was unveiled at the 2009 Detroit Auto Show.
It was also launched at the 2009 Geneva International Motor Show as a 2009 model-year vehicle (first available for sale on 28 March 2009
A device, marketed as the “Openometer”, records the number of minutes the vehicle has operated with its roof retracted.
Available variants and corresponding powertrain selections are the same as in the Mini Hatch range, including the diesel engine in some markets.
Mini Countryman (2011 to 2016)
The Mini Countryman was announced in January 2010 and formally launched at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show.
It is the first Mini crossover SUV, and the first five-door model to be launched in the BMW-era.
It is offered with a choice of:
- Two- or four-wheel drive (known as ALL4)
- With 1.6 L petrol or diesel and 2.0 L diesel four-cylinder engines in various states of tune.
Sales started in September 2010 as a 2011 model-year vehicle.
The Countryman has a:
- Longer wheelbase
- More interior room
- Higher ground clearance than the Clubman
It uses the same engines as the Hatch/Clubman range, but with an optional all-wheel-drive powertrain (dubbed “ALL4”) to allow minimal off-road and rugged terrain driving.
- A six-speed manual transmission is standard on all models
- Automatic transmission available on all petrol and diesel models except the 90 bhp One D.
Mini Coupé (2012 to 2015)
Mini John Cooper Works Coupé
Mini revealed the Coupé in June 2011.
It is the first two-seat Mini and the first to have a three-box design.
- The engine compartment
- The passenger compartment and the luggage compartments all separated
- It will also be the fastest production Mini ever – 0 to 62 mph (0 to 100 km/h) in 6.4 seconds and goes on to a top speed of 149 mph (240 km/h)
- It is powered by a turbocharged 208 hp (155 kW) 1,598 cc four-cylinder.
Mini Roadster (2012 to 2015)
The Mini Roadster was first shown at the Frankfurt Motor Show in September 2009 and is the convertible version of the Mini Coupe.
The Roadster is available in three trim levels:
- Cooper S
- John Cooper Works.
A Mini Paceman Cooper
The Mini Paceman three-door crossover version of the Countryman debuted as a concept car at the 2011 Detroit Auto Show.
On 5 July 2012, senior vice president of Mini brand management, Dr. Kay Segler, announced that “the Mini Paceman is the official name of the brand’s seventh model, which will be launched next year (2013) in the U.S.”
The production version was launched at the 2012 Paris Motor Show, with sales starting in most international markets by the second quarter of 2013.
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